|Sezen Aksu on ablum cover of Serçe|
Lesson 7 | gibi/sanki Descriptions
So far we've covered the past and present tense in this exploration of Turkish song lyrics, and before we move on to other verb tenses, it will be helpful to add some vocabulary regarding description that will continue to come up subsequent lessons. We've already seen the word "gibi" meaning "like" as in Yaşar Kurt's statement in lesson one that he encountered "something like death (ölüm gibi bir şey)" on the backstreets of Beyoğlu. This lesson focuses on a song that employs a number of different adverbs that help enrich and add variety to descriptions.
Our singer is Sezen Aksu. She was one of the pioneers of the genre of modern pop in Turkish music, and since that time, has been one of the most visible figures in that scene not only as a performer but also as a writer for big names such as Tarkan. As such, she has naturally served as a critic of various forms of gender discrimination against women as well as Turkey's LGBT community. We'll be hearing from her again in subsequent units.
This song comes from her first LP entitled "Allahaısmarladık" released in 1977. It describes a love that has taken form of a burning passion, "flaming (alev alev)" as she says. For the purposes of this lesson, we will focus on the adverbs she uses to describe that love.
The first we encounter is "ne kadar." This means "how much (literally what amount)" and is the question word we would use to ask the price of something in the market. However, in this context it is not a question but rather a statement of a large amount. "Ne kadar güzel", for example, means "how beautiful". "Ne kadar" can be paired with most adjectives when "çok (very)" just doesn't seem to cut it.
The next word we have is "tıpkı". For those who need the etymology of this word, see our lesson on tıpkı itself. For now, we will learn the construction of "tıpkı X gibi" meaning "just like X". Sezen Aksu says that her lover's hand are so warm that they are "just like fire (tıpkı ateş gibi)". This can be used when one needs to express extreme likeness in a way that "gibi" does not fully capture.
Another item like "gibi" that we will highlight in this lesson is "sanki" meaning "as if". This descriptor is also used for simile as in "gibi", but is especially helpful when expressing a simile that is more than a single noun. For example, "sanki" is necessary to make the sentence "It is as if my heart is a fluttering bird" / "Yüreğim çırpınan bir kuş sanki".
We should also highlight the word "öyle", which is the sibling of "böyle" and "şöyle", all of which carry the meaning of "thus", "such", and "so" with different levels of proximity to the speaker (if that doesn't make sense, don't try to make sense of it at this moment). Used together with the particle ki, which will be discussed later, it brings the meaning of "so much" or "so much that". Thus, She says "öyle mutluyum ki" to "I am so happy".
Finally, I will point to the word "en", which is put before an adjective to give the mean of "the most x". Here, as in really the entire song, she is exaggerating, so when she says "en tatlı sesin" meaning "your most sweet voice", it just means your voice is very very oh so sweet.
Practice this vocabulary list on Quizlet
ne kadar - so (much), also how much
gibi - like, as
tıpkı - the same
tıpkı ... gibi - just like
sanki - as if
öyle - like that, so, thus
öyle mutluyum ki - I am so happy that...
yanmak - to burn
fısıldamak - to whisper
el - hand
sıcak - hot, warm
ateş - fire
alev - flame
alev alev - flaming
bakış - glance, look
yumuşak - soft
güneş - sun
köşe - corner
her köşesi - every corner of it
yürek - heart
kuş - bird
beste - melody, tune
çöl - desert
yalnız - alone, lonely
Sezen Aksu - Alev Alev
Click the play button above to listen to the song
Ellerin ne kadar sıcak / tıpkı ateş gibi
Your hands are so warm / just like a fire
Bakışların ne kadar yumuşak / tıpkı doğan güneş gibi
Your glances are so soft / just like a rising sun
[Alev alev yanıyor / sevginle kalbimin her köşesi]If we wanted to render this into a more regular Turkish word order, it would be "Kalbimin her köşesi sevginle alev alev yanıyor."
Every corner of my heart is flaming hot with your love
Yüreğim çırpınan bir kuş sanki
As if my heart is a fluttering bird
Sanki bir aşk bestesi / Fısıldıyor kulağıma
As if a love song... is whispering in my ear
Gözlerin ne kadar güzel / Bak gözlerimin içine
Your eyes are so beautiful / Look into my eyes
O en, en tatlı sesinle / bana güzel bir şey söyle
With that oh so sweet voice of yours /
Say something nice to me
Alev alev yanıyor / sevginle kalbimin her köşesi
Yüreğim çırpınan bir kuş sanki
Sanki bir aşk bestesi / fısıldıyor kulağıma
Öyle, öyle mutluyum ki / ah delicesine
I'm so happy, ah, wildly so
Bir çölde yapayalnız kaybolmuş / koşuyorum sesine
Lost all alone in a desert / I'm running towards your voice
"Yapayalnız" is a emphasized form of the adjective "yalnız". We won't be able to deal with this type of adjective systematically until later lessons, but means means "completely lonely" or "all alone."